WHERE TO FISH
Fish stage at the mouths of rivers and streams prior to moving upstream to spawn. Once in the river, they move into the deeper river channel areas. They prefer depths of 3-ft to 8-ft where there is a moderate current.
WHEN TO FISH
In Alaska, June and July are prime times for river Salmon. In lower latitudes, the Fall run usually occurs in the months of August through September. Salmon prefer to feed in low light conditions. Dawn and dusk, and the hours after dark are best.
WHAT TO USE
Salmon prefer spoons, drifting or trolling rigs, and swimming plugs.
Cast spoons and rigs upstream, angled away from the bank. Spoons should be retrieved at a speed keeping them very close to the bottom. Rigs should be retrieved to maintain constant bottom contact. Troll both lures against the current. For added attraction, hook skirts, colored yarn, fish scent, or Salmon roe can be added to the back hook of the Drifting/Trolling Rig.
BASIC RIGS AND TECHNIQUES
The choice of rig and technique depends on fishing conditions. Here are some popular approaches to Salmon fishing.
RIGGING GUIDES & HOW-TO
Fishermen often use the drift rig with salmon roe, shrimp or other baits. Fluorescent yarn can be tied to the top of the hook.
The most effective presentation is to cast or troll a spoon. Fish close to the bottom as that is where river salmon are usually found.
How to Work a Moxie Spoon
Fish in “quartering” a fashion, as shown below.
1. Cast into the current.
2. Slowly work the lure toward you, retrieving line as you go.
Salmon Hot Spots
These are ideal places to look for salmon.