WHERE TO FISH
Trout prefer to lie in current breaks and obstructions very close to faster moving water. In streams, fish above and below riffles, cut banks, and the slack water area behind submerged rocks and cover.
WHAT TO USE
Choose flies in size and coloration that resemble the insects, larvae, and small aquatic prey found in your fishing area. The goal is to imitate the natural forage of the fish you are trying to catch.
WHEN TO FISH
Ideal times of year vary by species, but the best results are usually found in lower light conditions, including overcast days, early mornings, and evenings.
When fishing a river or stream, cast across the current, upstream from your intended target. Allow the current to drift your fly through the fish holding zone. Complete the drift before the line begins to bow downstream. Keep movement, noise and vibration to a minimum. When wading, avoid casting shadows, making splashes, and dragging your feet.
BASIC RIGS AND TECHNIQUES
The choice of rig and technique depends on fishing conditions. Here are some popular approaches to Fly Fishing.
RIGGING GUIDES & HOW-TO
Preparing Dry Fly Line and Leader
This is for general use in rivers, streams and lakes.
1. Insert no-knot eyelet into end of floating fly line.
2. Tie thicker end of tapered leader on to eyelet.
3. Tie leader to fly.
Preparing Wet Fly Line and Leader
1. Insert no-knot eyelet into end of sinking fly line.
2. Tie thicker end of tapered leader onto eyelet.
3. Tie leader to fly.
4. Tie strike indicator 3' – 7' from fly.
5. To keep the indicator buoyant, treat it with dry fly spray or oil.
Attaching a Strike Indicator
This is a versatile lure that can be used at all depths. It can be retrieved steadily or bounced off the bottom.
1. Create a loop in the leader at a distance from the fly so that the fly can go to the bottom. Start at a distance approximately 1-1/2 times the depth of the water. (For example, if the water is 3-ft deep, the strike indicator should be 4 -1/2-ft from the fly.)
2. Pass the loop through the ring on the strike indicator.
3. Pass the loop over the top of the strike indicator and pull snugly.
4. Vary the position according to the water depth, moving it further from the fly in faster currents.